10/01/2010

Wooden “Wave” Unites Diverse Solutions

Pine ceiling integrates mechanical, acoustical, and fire protection features

 
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    Operating profitably after the Olympics, the Richmond Oval has three activity zones, various fitness areas, and training areas for public use.

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    Feathered roof spans, which are inspired by the heron, tail off the north edge of the building and create covered "porches."

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    An irregular pattern of clear glazing in the south wall provides moments of transparency and promotes interaction between dynamic interior spaces and the street.

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    Translucent polycarbonate walls on the Oval’s south, east, and west facades show a dynamic color variation across their length, evoking the flowing colors of the estuary while mediating the flow of sunlight to the building’s interior and displaying the muted outlines of figures inside the building.

Return to Introductory Article

As the signature speed-skating venue for the 2010 Olympic Games, the Richmond Oval near Vancouver, BC, was seen by millions of viewers around the world. But after a global gala, how can such a facility maintain its vitality for years to come?

Indoor Olympic facilities with 400-meter tracks are huge, and they can face huge revenue challenges post-Games. That undesired possibility drew the attention of the project team from the outset.

"We began where we wanted to end," says Ken Wiseman, president of architect Cannon Design. "We did a market analysis and a full-blown pro forma for the after-use, and we identified market gaps to fill."

Staying within Budget Parameters
As a public amenity, the Oval now operates profitably with three activity zones – an ice zone, a court zone, and a track zone – and various fitness and training areas. It has been a catalyst and centerpiece for the transformation of Richmond's riverfront area into a high-density, urban neighborhood.


GRAND PRIZE:

Richmond Oval

CATEGORY: NEW CONSTRUTION

A signature visual feature of the Oval is its wood roof deck and composite glulam arches. The integration of building systems into the wood structure had the effect of distributing the cost of the wood components over other system costs, creating a net savings.

The Oval's main structure is comprised of 15 composite wood gluelam arches from locally harvested Douglas fir. The lumber was formed into a V-shaped composite to achieve the span and carried on 30 concrete buttresses. An interstitial space inside the V is used for air distribution and services, displacing the cost of mechanical duct and roof support struts. The gluelam surfaces are perforated with 250mm holes that accommodate jet nozzles for ventilation. The nozzles are motorized to control the delivery of conditioned air to the activity areas below and to provide environmental separation between the ice rinks and dry-land sport functions.

The Oval's roof deck and the secondary structural panels spanning the 15 meters between the glulam arches are composed of regionally harvested, pine-beetle-killed wood in the form of standard 2 x 4 lumber. The lumber was nailed together to form a V-shaped wood box, and arched to create the vaulted ceiling panels forming the "wood wave."

While the mass and softness of the pine decking provide a higher degree of acoustical control than a steel deck, other features of the decking also make an acoustical contribution. Slot-like perforations in the deck were sized and tested prior to mass-production of the deck, and an acoustical lining on the inside of the panels was also tested and installed.

Project Team

(partial list)

Owner: City of Richmond, British Columbia
Architect (Award Submitter): Cannon Design
Civil/Marine Engineering: Delcan
Special Structure Design: Fast + Epp
Structural Engineering: Glotman•Simpson Group of Companies
Building Envelope Technology:  Morrison Hershfield Limited
Electrical/Mechanical Engineering: Stantec Consulting Ltd.
Natatorium Specialist: Counsilman Hunsaker

The combustibility of wood was another factor for the ceiling. The building code for structures of this size requires noncombustible construction. Cannon Design's consultants provided significant fire engineering modeling to obtain an equivalency under the British Columbia Building Code and thus enable combustible roof construction. Fire sprinkler heads are positioned as necessary in the decking's slots.

Underlining Local Arts and Community
Carved three-dimensional reliefs depicting water, herons, salmon, and other motifs significant to aboriginal traditions and Richmond's contemporary culture are inlaid into channels in 15 massive concrete buttresses on the north side of the Oval, which faces a large festival plaza.

The use of First Nations art in the Olympic Oval acknowledges the site's historical and cultural significance and Richmond's ongoing commitment to recognize those interests in the redevelopment of the river site.

Suppliers

Doors/Storefronts: Advanced Glazing Systems
Facades/Curtainwall: Flynn Canada Ltd.
Insulation: Winwood Construction
Roofing: Flynn Canada Ltd.
Structural: George Third & Son Ltd.
Window/Glass: Advanced Glazing Systems / Landmark Glass
Building Controls, Electrical (power/wiring/cable), Security: ESC Automation
Fire/Life Safety: Simplex Grinnell
Lighting: Status Electrical
Plumbing/Washrooms: Georgia Mechanical
Carpet: Fast Track Floors
Ceilings: StructureCraft
Flooring: Apex Granite & Tile Inc.; Fast-Track Flooring; Robins Flooring
Paint: Concord Painting
Signage: Knight Signs

 


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Visit our website today to learn about the design flexibility of a Morton building and the endless possibilities of partnering with our designBUILD team.


Wood construction is both cost and energy efficient. Check out Morton Buildings and our designBUILD team online today to discover all the benefits of post-frame construction.


When choosing a metal-clad building for your next construction project, consider Morton Buildings, Inc., and their designBUILD team, we’ll make your dream a reality.

We Can Help You Reduce Energy by 30%

Our mission is to help our customers manage their buildings' energy costs, improve reliability, and enhance performance while having a positive impact on the environment.
CLICK HERE to find out how.

Add highly responsive multi-zone comfort to any building project, in any climate. Our CITY MULTI H2i R2- and Y-Series VRF systems give you flexibility to fit the needs of any building. Enjoy 100% heating capacity at 0°F outdoor ambient, and 85% heating capacity at -13°F outdoor ambient.  For more information, log on to www.mitsubishipro.com

 
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