Meet R-Value Needs with Wood Insulation

Climate zone map ASHRAE climate zones Wood nailers must match thermal insulation in thickness SMACNA illustration on wood nailers at roof perimeters

Updates on Treated Wood in Roofing

Richard (Dick) L. Fricklas

Richard (Dick) L. Fricklas was technical director emeritus of the Roofing Industry Educational Institute prior to his retirement. He is co-author of The Manual of Low Slope Roofing Systems, and continues to participate in seminars for the University of Wisconsin and RCI Inc., the Institute of Roofing, Waterproofing, and Building Envelope Professionals. His honors include the Outstanding Educator Award from RCI, William C. Cullen Award and Walter C. Voss Award from ASTM, the J. A. Piper Award from NRCA, and the James Q. McCawley Award from the MRCA. Dick holds honorary memberships in both ASTM and RCI Inc.

Until very recently, the standard preservative treatment for roof nailers was copper chromium arsenate (CCA). Before that, it was creosote, also a toxic material.  If an untreated wood nailer disintegrates while in service, the roof can be vulnerable to wind blow-off.

An excellent essay on the subject can be found in Metal Roof and Wall Panel Components in Contact with Preservative Treated Lumber published by the Metal Construction Association here.

In this paper, the MCA suggests “the use of a polymeric membrane material as a barrier between the metal panel and the wood. In those types of installations, the choice of compatible metal fasteners is also critical to the integrity of the metal roof or wall assembly.” It also notes that manufacturers of the newest wood preservative chemicals recommend that unpainted galvanized or Galvalume sheet panels and aluminum not be used in direct contact with this type of wood.

In addition to the MCA, the National Roofing Contractors Association (NRCA) has also updated their recommendations  on the use of treated wood. The NRCA recognizes the lack of long-term corrosion performance of newer preservative-treated lumber in contact with metal fasteners, panels and flashing. Their guidelines include the following:

  • Aluminum fasteners, flashings, and accessory products should not be used in direct contact with any treated wood. Alkaline copper quarternary-treated wood is not compatible with aluminum.
  • Uncoated metal and painted metal flashings and accessories except for the 300-series stainless steel should not be used in direct contact with treated wood. Metal products except stainless steel may be used if separated from treated wood by a spacer or barrier such as single-ply membrane or self-adhered polymer-modified bitumen material.
  • NRCA also states: “In many instances, the use of non-treated, construction-grade wood is suitable for use in roof assemblies as blocking or nailers, provided reasonable measures are taken to ensure the non-treated wood remains reasonably dry when in service. Where a specific construction detail provides for a secondary means of waterproofing, NRCA now considers the use of non-treated, construction-grade wood to be an acceptable substitute for treated wood.”

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