02/16/2005

Studies Prove Sprinklers Save Lives in Dorms

NIST proves sprinklers increase chances of survival in college housing

Contributors: James Earl  
 

According to a recent report issued from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), automatic sprinkler systems can significantly increase the chances of survival for individuals during a dormitory fire.

 

Three experiments were conducted by NIST and supported by a U.S. Fire Administration (USFA) initiative for fire safety in college housing. The studies compared the hazards of fires in smoke detector-equipped dormitories with and without fire sprinklers in the room of fire origin. Researchers started fires in a day room or lounge area open to the corridor of a dormitory. They used the temperature of 120 degrees C. (248 degrees F.) as the cut-off mark for human survival. For comparison, the temperature of boiling water is 100 degrees C.

 

Potentially fatal temperatures exceeding 120 degrees C. (as well as toxic gases) reached a remote corridor 75 feet away within 3 minutes, and in another 3 minutes spread throughout the corridor, in two of the experiments without sprinklers. Conversely, in an experiment with sprinklers, temperatures at the 5-feet level and below in the room where the fire began never exceeded 120 degrees C. No significant increase in heat was measured in the corridor during the experiment, allowing adequate time for residents to escape.

 

NIST conducted the experiments at a barracks donated by the Myrtle Beach Air Force Base Redevelopment Authority in Myrtle Beach, SC. The USFA incorporated footage of NIST sprinkler tests into a fire safety video for college administrators and students.

 

This information was provided by NIST. The NIST report Impact of Sprinklers on the Fire Hazard in Dormitories: Day Room Fire Experiments (NISTIR 7120) by D. Madrzykowski, D. Stroup, and W.D. Walton is available, with video showing the experiments in progress in DVD format. Send requests to (david.stroup@nist.gov).

 


Visit our website today to learn about the design flexibility of a Morton building and the endless possibilities of partnering with our designBUILD team.


Wood construction is both cost and energy efficient. Check out Morton Buildings and our designBUILD team online today to discover all the benefits of post-frame construction.


When choosing a metal-clad building for your next construction project, consider Morton Buildings, Inc., and their designBUILD team, we’ll make your dream a reality.

Bluebeam® Revu® simplifies digital facilities document management from design review to leveraging as-builts, maintenance manuals and O&Ms submittals.

We Can Help You Reduce Energy by 30%

Our mission is to help our customers manage their buildings' energy costs, improve reliability, and enhance performance while having a positive impact on the environment.
CLICK HERE to find out how.


Visit our website today to learn about the design flexibility of a Morton building and the endless possibilities of partnering with our designBUILD team.


Wood construction is both cost and energy efficient. Check out Morton Buildings and our designBUILD team online today to discover all the benefits of post-frame construction.


When choosing a metal-clad building for your next construction project, consider Morton Buildings, Inc., and their designBUILD team, we’ll make your dream a reality.

Bluebeam® Revu® simplifies digital facilities document management from design review to leveraging as-builts, maintenance manuals and O&Ms submittals.

We Can Help You Reduce Energy by 30%

Our mission is to help our customers manage their buildings' energy costs, improve reliability, and enhance performance while having a positive impact on the environment.
CLICK HERE to find out how.


 
comments powered by Disqus

Related Products

Sponsored Links