A study completed jointly by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the AIA California Council (AIACC) demonstrated successful application of Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) in a variety of building types and scales in diverse regions of the country and are the first installment of an ongoing evaluation process of how the IPD model might be incorporated nationwide to protect against project losses.
IPD, which is a construction project model in which owner, design professional, and builder jointly share a project’s risk and reward, could help projects be delivered on time and within budget, as it did for all six participants in the study.
“Based on these initial reports, IPD is proving to be a solution that frees parties from the processes that often weigh a project down,” says Jonathan Cohen, who conducted the study. “It allows for creativity and innovation in the way stakeholders approach a project, avoiding a ‘one size fits all’ formula, and instead finds solutions unique to the specific building issues. We are excited to continue this research and see if this methodology provides the boost to the bottom line of businesses that are desperately needed.”
Inefficiencies and waste in the construction industry, coupled with new technologies, such as Building Information Modeling (BIM) and owner demand for better quality and cost controls, have created a need for a collaborative approach to design and construction. Study participants discussed the pros and cons of IPD in that regard.
The study found that advantages of IPD include:
- Owners enjoy improved cost control and budget management, as well as the potential for less litigation and enhanced business outcomes.
- Contractors are provided with the opportunity for strong project pre-planning, more timely and informed understanding of design, the ability to anticipate and resolve design-related issues through direct participation in the design process, construction sequencing visualization to improve methods prior to the start of construction, and improved cost control and budget management.
- For architects and designers, IPD provides more time for design, reduces documentation, allocates more appropriate sharing of risk and reward, and improves cost control and budget management.
AIA and AIACC continue to study the ongoing effort to apply IPD as a business model and will document results in future reports. To download the IPD case studies, visit http://info.aia.org/aia/ipdcasestudies.cfm.