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04/13/2012

Escalator to Elevator Risk Reduction

 
Escalator to Elevator Risk Reduction

Researchers at the Boston Medical Center (BMC)'s Injury Prevention Center (IPC) have found that one fall requiring first responder emergency medical services response occurs, on average, approximately every 56 hours at Boston Logan International Airport, with 37% of those incidents involving transport to a hospital.

The study, which was done at the request of the Massachusetts Port Authority and Massport Fire/Rescue, concludes that diverting at-risk passengers from escalators to elevators could significantly reduce the number of falls.

Jonathan Howland, PhD, MPH, MPA, executive director of BMC's IPC and professor of emergency medicine at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) and Sophia Dyer, MD, medical director for Boston EMS and associate professor of emergency medicine at BUSM, led this study to determine the incidence of the falls at Logan Airport, identify potential causes and make suggestions on how to mitigate risk for falls.

According to Federal Aviation Administration statistics, Logan Airport is the nineteenth busiest airport in the U.S. and is New England's largest transportation center. In 2011, Logan Airport served 28,900,000 passengers, representing an all-time high number of passengers and a 5% increase from 2010.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that falls are the leading cause of injury death among older adults age 65 and over and the most common cause of non-fatal injuries. Most studies of older adult falls report that about half occur at home, but there is a lack of definitive data about falls that occur in public buildings, including airports.

The research team used anonymous incident reports of all falls that required response from Massport Fire/Rescue and Boston EMS during 2009 and 2010 at the airport. They found that 96% of falls occurred in terminals and 37% of all falls resulted in transport to hospital emergency departments. Seventy-two percent of those who fell were female, and 43% were over the age of 65. An undetermined number of the events involved airport personnel rather than passengers and none of the incidents examined in the study involved fatalities.

Escalators were the most common location for all reported falls (44%), and the researchers suggested that some risks associated with these falls might include carrying more luggage (due to changes in baggage fees), using cell phones, not using handrails, and compromised strength and balance due to age.

"Interventions that target escalator falls hold the greatest promise to decrease the incidence of falls at this airport," says Howland. These interventions could include signage and audio messages to encourage passengers with luggage to use elevators instead of escalators.

The Massport action plan will focus primarily on escalator safety and will include audio public service announcements and signage in the airport terminals to suggest some passengers to use elevators instead of escalators.

"While these data and analysis was done at one airport, the findings could be generalized and applied in other public places, including transit stations, shopping malls and other airports," added Howland.

 

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04/24/2014

Explore real-time green building data through the newly launched data visualization resource from the USGBC.

04/23/2014

A key part to curbing emissions is working with local and city officials, tenants, and other groups to help make entire communities more sustainable. BOMA International shares the following strategies for greening your facility and community.

04/21/2014

Lighting fixes target the bottom line.

04/16/2014

The U.S. Army plans to start development of a solar array that will provide about 25% of the annual installation electricity requirement of Fort Huachuca, Arizona.

04/15/2014

The EPA's annual greenhouse gas emissions report is now available.

04/14/2014

Are you what some would call a “climate-change denier”? If so, you'll want to read this.

04/10/2014
Los Angeles has remained the top city for ENERGY STAR certified building since 2008, while Washington, D.C. continues to hold onto second place for the fifth consecutive year, according to a new list released by the EPA.
04/09/2014
Green construction has grown massively over a short period of time.
04/07/2014
Field demonstrations of newly proven energy-efficient technologies are yielding valuable results for the U.S. Navy, helping it meet energy goals.
04/03/2014
Building owners in Chicago now have more options when it comes to getting their building energy data verified.
04/01/2014
According to a new report from Eaton, such outages are up 15% in 2013 over 2012 and over half of those surveyed believe that downtime could have been prevented.
03/31/2014
The newly revised ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 105-2014, Standard Methods of Determining, Expressing, and Comparing Building Energy Performance and Greenhouse Gas Emissions, aims to provide a consistent method of measuring, expressing, and comparing the energy performance of buildings.
03/27/2014
Facility managers face an every expanding array of sustainability choices and challenges, but for the next generation of FMs, green practices could be second nature as sustainability literacy enters the K-12 school system.
03/25/2014
While the economic recession explains the decline in sales in 2008 and 2009, it is much less clear why sales have continued to fall.
03/24/2014
University of Washington (UW) scientists have built the thinnest known LED that can be used as a source of light energy in electronics.
03/21/2014
Mississippi Governor Phil Bryant signed Senate Bill 2378 into law, effectively enacting the state’s first building code.
03/19/2014
In an attempt to improve building energy performance, the DOE’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory has released a web-based tool called the Technology Performance Exchange, or TPEx.
03/18/2014
Could green building practices pose unanticipated life-safety hazards?
03/13/2014
Worried about workplace violence in your facility? Researchers have discovered that “mindfully observing” high-risk employees can avert danger and workplace violence.
03/11/2014
Through the DOE’s Building Energy Codes Program, every dollar the DOE has spent on building energy codes over the past two decades has resulted in $400 in energy cost savings.
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