Review Your Resilient Flooring Options

Jan. 20, 2017

Looking for a durable, stain- and water-resistant flooring option for your next renovation? Resilient flooring may fit the bill.

Looking for a durable, stain- and water-resistant flooring option for your next renovation? Resilient flooring may fit the bill. This wide category includes a variety of sturdy options for floors. Review your options below to ensure you make the right choice.

What is Resilient Flooring?

Resilient flooring is a non-textile floor (i.e. not carpet) that bounces back from repeated traffic and compression.

This wide category includes:

  • Cork: a natural material made from the bark of the cork oak

  • Luxury vinyl tile: uses photo-realistic imaging to mimic natural stone and wood on tiles or planks

  • Solid vinyl tile: made by molding resins and fillers into squares or strips

  • Vinyl composition tile: an easy-to-install square tile that accounts for more square footage than other resilient options

  • Sheet vinyl: sold in rolls and cut to the shape of a room

  • Linoleum: experiencing a recent revival in popularity due to its natural ingredients (linseed oil, wood flour, limestone, cork and tree resins)

  • Rubber: an ideal option for floors in high-impact spaces that require frequent cleaning, such as those in fitness centers, health clubs, healthcare facilities, gyms and dance floors

“About 94% of resilient flooring sold is vinyl-type products because vinyl is such a durable, long-term-performing material,” explains Dean Thompson, President of the Resilient Floor Covering Institute. “Luxury vinyl tile has been a strong contributor to the growth in the hard flooring market due to the advances in digital printing and the fact that LVT is designed to work in both commercial and residential applications.”

How to Evaluate Your Options

There are a few ways to evaluate which resilient flooring fits your facility, Thompson explains. First, ensure that your vendor is offering a product that can hold up to the traffic in your building, Thompson notes.

Read next: Keep floors clean in high traffic areas

Vinyl products typically have a wear layer of 12-20 mils, whereas rubber tile is required by ASTM F 1344 to have a wear layer of at least 40 mils. The thicker the layer, the heavier the traffic that the flooring can stand.

Several sustainability certifications are also available to help potential buyers sort through their flooring options. They include:


Administered by SCS Global Services, this IAQ certification covers hard surface flooring materials, adhesives and underlayments. Flooring submissions are tested for 35 VOCs that can contribute to poor air quality.

Certified products can contribute to points for LEED, BREEAM, the Collaborative for High Performance Schools and other green building designations.

NSF 332

This multi-attribute product standard for resilient flooring assigns points in six key areas: product design, manufacturing, long-term value, end-of-life management, corporate governance and innovation. Flooring can be certified at a Conformant, Silver, Gold or Platinum level depending on the number of points it earns.

Product Ingredient Labeling

This category includes Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs), Health Product Declarations, Product Transparency Declarations and others that examine product ingredients. Depending on the label, manufacturers will disclose the names and amounts of product ingredients, whether the product contains recycled content and other screening information.

Janelle Penny [email protected] is senior editor of BUILDINGS.

About the Author

Janelle Penny | Editor-in-Chief at BUILDINGS

Janelle Penny has more than a decade of experience in journalism, with a special emphasis on covering facilities management. She aims to deliver practical, actionable content for facilities professionals.

Voice your opinion!

To join the conversation, and become an exclusive member of Buildings, create an account today!

Sponsored Recommendations

Building Better Schools

Download this digital resource to better understand the challenges and opportunities in designing and operating educational facilities for safety, sustainability, and performance...

Tips to Keep Facility Management on Track

How do you plan to fill the knowledge gap as seasoned facility managers retire or leave for new opportunities? Learn about the latest strategies including FM tech innovations ...

The Beauty & Benefits of Biophilic Design in the Built Environment

Biophilic design is a hot trend in design, but what is it and how can building professionals incorporate these strategies for the benefits of occupants? This eHandbook offers ...

The Benefits of Migrating from Analog to DMR Two-Way Radios

Are you still using analog two-way radios? Download this white paper and discover the simple and cost-effective migration path to digital DMR radios that deliver improved audio...